STATEMENT BY Mr. Nazifullah Salarzai
Chargé d’affaires of the Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations
Opening of the Annual Session of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization
19 February 2019
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Thank you, Madam Chair
Afghanistan aligns itself with the statement delivered by Iran on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement. As we start this week of deliberations, let me first begin by congratulating you, Madam Chair and the rest of the bureau for your election to guide this Committee. We look forward to a fruitful discussion under your leadership.
My delegation reiterates its strong support for the central role that the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization continues to play for the consolidation of international peace and security, the development of cooperation among States and the promotion of international law. This committee’s role on clarifying and interpreting the UN Charter is vital to assist in ongoing efforts aimed at strengthening the system through revitalization, reform, and streamlining of functions.
The peaceful settlement of disputes remains one of the essential goals of the United Nations as enshrined in the Charter. It is the most efficient tool for maintaining international peace and security as well as strengthening the rule of law in international relations. This is highlighted by paragraph 3 of Article 2 of the Charter which underscores the obligation of States to seek peaceful settlements to disputes, as well as by Chapter VI which outlines provisions on ways to achieve this. Afghanistan is committed to these principles and further recognizes the important role of judicial mechanisms, including the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for the prevention and settlement of disputes among States.
In line with the peaceful settlement of disputes, sanctions, applied in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, remain an important tool to consolidate and maintain international peace and security. These should be designed with focus and carefully targeted in support of clear and legitimate objectives under the Charter, taking into account other applicable rules of international law, and be implemented in ways that balance effectiveness to achieve the desired results against possible adverse consequences, including socio-economic and humanitarian consequences, for populations and third States.
To ensure the success of sanctions, these should be implemented in good faith by all states. In that regard, Afghanistan is closely working with the 1988 Security Council Sanctions Committee on the Taliban, and the 1989 Security Council Committee on Da’esh and Al-Qaeda. Additionally, we welcome the work of the Security Council in ensuring a careful study of all individuals and entities on the list and on working on listing and delisting individuals based on a fair and clear procedure for improving the quality of the lists. Furthermore, we also call on all Member States to work together to ensure the effective implementation of these sanctions, and for capable States and relevant international and regional organizations to offer appropriate technical and financial assistance to other States to enhance their capacity to implement these.
We would also like to appreciate the efforts of the Secretariat and the Secretary-General in updating the Repertory of Practice of United Nations Organs and the Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council. We further commend the efforts aimed at eliminating the backlog in their preparation and we call on Member States to continue contributing the voluntary trust funds to support these contributions to the institutional memory of the international system.
To conclude, Madam Chair, we strongly believe the Charter of the United Nations to be the fundamental document maintaining our international system. In this light, we reiterate our support to the work of the Special Committee in strengthening it and we look forward to considering the various proposals brought forward to the agenda.
I thank you,