Palestinian Rights Committee Will Continue Calls on Security Council,Â Â Others to Hold Israel Accountable for Its Actions, Chair Pledges
Â Palestineâ€™s Permanent Observer Outlines Developments
Â As Secretariat Officials Detail Deteriorating Humanitarian, Legal Situations
Expressing serious concern over a deteriorating humanitarian situation, as well as evictions and demolitions of homes, the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People would continue to call on the Security Council and the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to hold Israel accountable, its Chair said today.
Zahir Tanin ( Afghanistan) voiced particular concern over the plan recently announced by the Government of Israel to evict Palestinian residents from eight villages in the south Mount Hebron area to make way for army training zones.Â Israel continued its settlement announcements, publishing tenders for 171Â new units in East Jerusalem, he said, condemning the continuing demolition of homes and violent attacks against Palestinians by Israeli settlers.
Summarizing developments in the region since the Committeeâ€™s 12Â June meeting, Mr.Â Tanin recalled that violence had escalated around Gaza in June and July.Â Rockets and mortars had been fired into Israel, and the Israeli Army had conducted airstrikes and incursions into Gaza, killing nine Palestinians and injuring 54Â more.Â Additionally, a committee led by retired Supreme Court Justice Edmond Levy had published a Government-commissioned report which claimed that the Israeli presence in the West Bank was not a military occupation and recommending the legalization of existing settlement outposts.
He went on to note that the Palestinian Authority faced acute challenges to remain solvent.Â It had only been able to pay part of the June and July salaries of 150,000Â employees, and expected a $1Â billion budget shortfall for 2012, he said, adding that, during its 22Â July meeting in Doha, the Arab League Follow-up Committee for the Arab Peace Initiative had supported Palestinian plans to seek further recognition at the United Nations without specifying a concrete timeline.Â During a briefing to the Council on 25Â July, United Nations Special Coordinator Robert Serry had expressed concern that developments on the ground were undermining prospects for a two-State solution, as well as ongoing attempts to reach agreement between Israel and the Palestinians on a package of confidence-building measures to pave the way for a resumption of high-level contacts.
Riyad Mansour, Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations, said that an emergency meeting of the Non-Aligned Movementâ€™s Committee on Palestine scheduled for 5Â and 6Â August in Ramallah had been scrapped after the Israeli Governmentâ€™s banning of Foreign Ministers from Indonesia, Malaysia, Cuba, Nigeria and Bangladesh from entering the territory to attend the gathering.Â The Committee had condemned that action in a communiquÃ© and decided to send the â€œRamallah Declarationâ€ of support for upgrading Palestinian United Nations membership to the Movementâ€™s Tehran Summit, scheduled for later this month.
â€œThis action by Israel is not going to weaken our collective resolve to continue to have more countries recognize the State of Palestine,â€ he stressed.Â Moreover, a League of Arab States ministerial meeting on 5Â September would discuss the timetable for enhancing Palestineâ€™s status in the United Nations system, including through the Security Council, the General Assembly and other agencies of the world body.
Mr.Â Mansour noted that Palestine had participated as a State in the just-concluded Tenth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names, which was important considering that Israel was attempting to change the names of Palestinian sites that had been in existence for hundreds of years.Â During the United Nations Asian and Pacific Meeting in Support of Israeli-Palestinian Peace, held in Bangkok on 10Â and 11Â July, Thailandâ€™s Foreign Minister had announced that the Thai and Palestinian ambassadors would formally establish diplomatic relations and exchange credentials on 1Â August, he added.
Afterwards, Saleumxay Kommasith (Lao Peopleâ€™s Democratic Republic) presented the Chairâ€™s Summary of the Bangkok meeting, of which the Committee took note.
Todayâ€™s meeting also featured a detailed briefing on the humanitarian impact of settlement construction and of forced displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, delivered in three parts.
Janique Thoele of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, delivered the first briefing, saying the impact of settlement activity could be seen in four areas: Â demolitions and evictions; forced displacement; restricted movement and access to services; and settler violence and harassment.Â All that amounted to a â€œprotection crisisâ€ with serious humanitarian consequences, she said, adding that the crisis had been occasioned by a failure to respect human rights and humanitarian law.
Presenting a brief slide show spotlighting the impacts of the occupation, she pointed out the effects of displacement, infrastructure demolition and ongoing settlement activity on the geography and physical character of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, which was dotted with myriad restricted zones and physical obstacles to movement.Â Although settlements were illegal under international law, twice as many Israeli settlers as Palestinians lived in â€œArea Câ€ today, she added.
Turning to the West Bank and Israelâ€™s ongoing construction of the separation wall, she said that the structure, which the International Court of Justice had ruled should be torn down, continued to hamper Palestinian access to resources.Â While Israel had a right to protect its security, it must respect international law, she emphasized.Â The situation was also particularly dire for farmers who owned land located in the â€œseam zoneâ€ and required special permits allowing access to their land through special gates, only a few of which were open every day.Â The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs was also seriously concerned because the barrier prevented Palestinian citizens from seeking specialized health care, especially as some areas required them to obtain special permits.
In the last decade, more than 4,000Â Palestinians, half of them children, had been displaced due to home demolitions, she said, adding that a total of 620Â homes were demolished in 2001.Â Palestinians in Area C could build homes and other structures on only 1Â per cent of the land, while construction was prohibited outright on 70Â per cent.Â Meanwhile, Israeli settlements occupied 24.5Â kilometres in East Jerusalem, while Palestinian construction took just 9.5Â kilometres.Â Some 200,000Â Palestinians were not connected to the water network and relied on tinkered water.Â They faced restricted movement, as well as access to education, health, water and sanitation services.Â In the West Bank, 20Â per cent of the population lived in poverty, 55Â per cent were food insecure and 28Â per cent were malnourished.
Turning to the occupationâ€™s humanitarian impact, she said almost 500Â Palestinians had been killed and 9,000Â injured since 2005.Â Settler violence, including physical attacks and damage to property, had increased by 165Â per cent from 2009 to 2011, and 83Â Palestinians communities were vulnerable to settler violence.Â Settlers largely acted with impunity, she said, adding that more than 90Â per cent of complaints alleging settler violence were closed without indictment.
Noting also Israelâ€™s new trend of confiscating external humanitarian aid intended for the Palestinians, she said that since 2011, Israeli authorities had destroyed more than 150Â donor-funded structures such as water tanks and tents.Â Beginning in March 2012, it had impounded relief supplies even before they were delivered to the communities in need, she said, calling for effective law enforcement against settler violence, revision of an unfair zoning and planning regime, and enabling the humanitarian community to meet basic Palestinian needs.
Antonia Mulvey of the Norwegian Refugee Council, discussing legal matters, said the international community had resoundingly denounced Israelâ€™s settlement construction, as evidenced by some 12Â United Nations resolutions.Â For example, Security Council resolution 465 (1980) explicitly called on Israel to dismantle its settlements and cease all construction.Â Further, the International Court of Justiceâ€™s Advisory Opinion on the legal implications of the separation wallâ€™s construction also stated that settlements were a â€œflagrant violationâ€ of international law.Â The 2004 decision also noted that parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention were obliged to ensure Israelâ€™s compliance with international law.
Spotlighting other legal precedents rejecting Israelâ€™s settlement activity, she cited specific articles of The Hague Regulations and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.Â Yet, Israel did not recognize the overall applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and did not view its destruction of Palestinian infrastructure and removal of Palestinians from their lands as a â€œforced population transferâ€, proscribed under that treaty.Â She added that the Israeli Government provided tax and other incentives for settlers, thought to include housing infrastructure amounting to some $240Â million, none of which was made available to Palestinians.
While international law was very clear that settlements were illegal, she continued, Israel had adopted national legislation that delineated the basis under which such construction could be legal: Â through political decision; State land only; lawfully designed building scheme; and boundaries decided by a military order.Â Moreover, there was a clear dual legal system in place, she said, explaining, for instance, that the case of a Palestinian alleged to have committed manslaughter in Area C would go through Israeli military courts, while allegations against an Israeli citizen, perhaps living right next door, would be handled by civilian courts.Â Settlers were increasingly not brought before the courts and impunity was growing, she warned, citing Susiya village in the southern Hebron hills.Â Home to 350Â people, Israelâ€™s High Court of Justice was considering it for demolition, she said, adding that advocacy could have a huge legal impact in preventing such injustices.
Amira Hassan of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) New York Office, said the West Bank was home to 771,000Â registered Palestine refugees, a quarter of whom lived in one of 19Â camps, and the rest in towns and villages.Â At least 2,300Â Bedouins, particularly in Area C, were under threat of displacement due to settlement construction plans announced in July 2011.Â Much advocacy thus far had prevented plans to move one Bedouin community to a garbage dump, she said, adding that their inability to sell animal products threatened traditional Bedouinsâ€™ livelihoods.
She went on to state that the Israeli Government was moving rapidly forward with a plan to turn Al Walaja village, located nine kilometres south-west of the old city of Jerusalem, into a national park, which would force out its 2,000Â Palestinian residents without any compensation.Â The authorities had posted a notice in Hebrew giving residents 60Â days to file objections to the plan, but all objections made by a local committee had been rejected.Â Another case study pointed to the Burin cluster in Nablus, where Palestinians had no access to 7,500Â dunums of land.Â In 2011, there had been 70Â incidents of property damage, the highest number recorded during that year, she said, adding that, on 19Â May, a group of settlers had set fire to four or five Palestinian homes in Burin.
During a brief question-and-answer period, Indonesiaâ€™s representative announced that his Government was planning for next year a meeting on the role of the media and civil society in dealing with the Palestinian question.Â He added that his delegation would be seeking advice from the Department of Public Information.
The representative of the United Arab Emirates said the briefings had starkly highlighted the â€œugly pictureâ€ of Israelâ€™s occupation.Â Stressing that other events in the region must not distract the international communityâ€™s focus from the truly dire situation faced by the Palestinian people, he said the situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory was bound to deteriorate as Israelâ€™s illegal activities continued.
Deborah Seward, Director of the Strategic Communications Division in the Department of Public Information, reported on the United Nations Media Seminar on Peace in the Middle East, held in Geneva on 12Â and 13Â June.Â The event had featured messages from United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Wolfgang Amadeus Brulhart, Switzerlandâ€™s Assistant Secretary for the Middle East and North Africa, among other senior Government and United Nations officials, she said.Â All participants in the Seminar â€” from Israel, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the wider Middle East, Europe and the United States â€” had been encouraged to make use of social media such as Twitter and Tumblr, including ahead of the event and during its five panel discussions.
She said the discussions had focused on: Â the prospects for peace approaching the twentieth anniversary of the Oslo Accords; how the Arab Spring had affected media coverage of the question of Palestine; the role of womenâ€™s activism and the media in promoting Israeli-Arab peace; civil society in media and film in the Middle East; and youth activism in the region, including evolving attitudes towards and tools for social change and democracy.Â One of the Seminarâ€™s main aims had been to focus on the Arab uprising and to explore their implications for the Palestinian question, she said.Â Reflecting that theme, the Seminarâ€™s organizers had made a specific effort to invite more women and youth to the event than in previous years, resulting in the youngest group of participants ever, as well as one all-female panel, another â€œfirstâ€ for the Seminar.
Characterizing the discussions as â€œstimulating and challengingâ€, she went on to say that the panels had also benefited positively from the diverse experiences of the participants.Â â€œThe feedback we have received, both from the participants and from observers present at the Seminar, has been extremely positive,â€ she continued, noting that many participants had expressed appreciation of the opportunity to meet others face to face.Â In at least one case known to the organizers, such opportunities had led to a group of journalists from different backgrounds and working in different areas to explore collaboration on a news story.Â â€œSo, in sum, we are extremely pleased and very encouraged by this yearâ€™s event,â€ she concluded.