22 March 2011 â€“ Today the United Nations Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA) until 23 March 2012 by unanimously adopting resolution 1974 (2011).
Resolution 1974 reaffirms the Councilâ€™s continued support for the people and Government of Afghanistan in the effort to achieve lasting peace, security and stability. It also underscores the importance of transition to Afghan ownership and leadership, a process that officially began yesterday and will continue through 2014.
The resolution also underscores the importance of a â€œOne UN Approach,â€ in which all UN agencies, funds and programs are streamlined to achieve greater coherence, coordination and efficiency of development assistance.
In his statement after the vote, Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, welcomed the adoption of resolution 1974 as an important step in strengthening Afghanistanâ€™s partnership with the UN and the international community.Â He recognized the contribution that the UN and other international partners have made toward peace, security, and stability in Afghanistan, and further emphasized the crucial role they will continue to play through the process of transition and beyond.
Ambassador Tanin also acknowledged appreciation for the up-coming review of the UNâ€™s mandate and support before the end of 2011, stressing that it would â€œfurther improve the effectiveness of the UNâ€™s role in Afghanistan.â€
Statement by H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
at the Security Council Debate on The Situation in Afghanistan
At the outset, I congratulate you for assuming the Presidency of the Council. I also wish to thank the Secretary General for his report on the Situation in Afghanistan, and extend a warm welcome back to the Council to my good friend, Special Representative Staffan de Mistura.
I also take this opportunity to express deepest sympathies, on behalf of the Government and people of Afghanistan, to the people and Government of Japan, for the tragic loss of life and destruction from the earthquake and Tsunami this past week.Â We stand beside the friendly peoples of Japan as they recover from that tragedy.
As we come together today to discuss the situation in Afghanistan, the country embarks on transition to full Afghan sovereignty, national ownership and leadership in an effort to realize the noble vision of a secure, democratic, and prosperous nation – one that is able to meet the needs of its citizens independently. We in Afghanistan know that transition is no easy task, but achievable with our determination and unity, and the sincere support and commitment of the international community.
The logic of transition will guide the way forward over the next four years. During this time, Afghanistan is determined to assume full responsibility at all levels, in order to provide Afghans with security, opportunities for social and economic progress, and the benefits of a society governed by the rule of law.
The role of the international community in supporting the transition will remain essential for our success.Â In London, Kabul and Lisbon, the international community endorsed, and committed to supporting the transition towards Afghan ownership and leadership. Over the next four years, the international communityâ€™s role in Afghanistan will revolve around the needs and requirements of the transition process.
Todayâ€™s meeting comes on the eve of the renewal of UNAMAâ€™s mandate.Â As the lead international civilian coordinator, the role of the United Nations in Afghanistan over the transition period and beyond will remain crucial. We convey our appreciation for the resolute commitment of all UN staff working under difficult conditions to help meet the aspirations of the Afghan people. As we prepare to officially commence the transition process on the 21st of March, we look to the UN as a key partner in the way forward.
Afghanistan cannot stand on its own feet if its state institutions remain weak and undermined by various parallel structures, and if its capacity is not strengthened. So, Mr. President, securing Afghanistan is first and foremost about Afghan ownership and leadership; about taking responsibility; and about operating effectively to achieve sustainable progress. This is our ultimate goal to which we are firmly committed.
In the past weeks, we have been engaged in discussions about how UNAMAâ€™s mandate should evolve, in light of transition.Â In that regard, on the First of March, the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul sent a letter to the Secretary General on behalf of the Afghan Government, in which he underscored three main requests:
First, a comprehensive review of the UNAMA mandate and the role of the UN in Afghanistan, to be conducted, in consultation with relevant stakeholders, within the next six months.Â In subsequent weeks we have agreed that such a review will be done before the Bonn Conference at the end of 2011.
Second, greater coherence, coordination, and efficiency in the work of UN funds, programs, and agencies operating in Afghanistan towards â€œOne United Nations.â€ Such an approach, bringing each of the UNâ€™s entities together in synergy, is necessary for an efficient and successful transition in the country.
And third, a reshaping of this yearâ€™s UNAMA mandate around the transition. To this end, Mr. President, the Government of Afghanistan proposed the following adjustments to the mandate:
1. Transition must be the Central Focus of UNAMA.Â A UN mandate that is centered on transition objectives would facilitate a smooth shift to Afghan ownership and leadership. The underlying imperative to transition full responsibility for security, governance, and development to Afghan leadership by the end of 2014 should guide the work of UNAMA and the SRSG.
2. Emphasis must be placed on UNAMAâ€™s responsibility as the co-chair of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) to promote coherence in the international communityâ€™s support for the Afghan-defined and Afghan-led development strategy.
3. We stress the need to increasingly channel aid through the Afghan budget, and align it with our Afghan National Priority Programs.Â We are convinced that this will lead to more effective and efficient utilization of development assistance.
4. UNAMA plays a crucial role in improving civil military coordination with ISAF. This role, however, should be recalibrated to reflect the aim of the transition process in order to support Afghan-led stabilization efforts.
5. National ownership of the reintegration and reconciliation process is necessary. We are reaching out to all Afghans who are willing to renounce violence and join the peace process. The peace and reconciliation process is Afghan-led and could benefit from support and good offices of UNAMA if requested by the Afghan government.
6. The Afghan government must have ownership of the election process, based on the clear requirements of the Afghan constitution and principle of Afghan sovereignty. In line with the Kabul and London CommuniquÃ©s, the Government of Afghanistan is fully committed to electoral reform as a measure to ensure sustainability for the democratic process, one which is national in nature and should be addressed by the citizens of Afghanistan. We welcome the availability of UNAMA in helping with capacity building and technical assistance for electoral law if requested by the Government of Afghanistan. Last yearâ€™s elections in Afghanistan cost hundreds of millions of dollars, a cost which is not sustainable for an Afghan-led democratic process over time. The election process in Afghanistan must be effective and sustainable; this is only possible through Afghan ownership.
7. A reassessment of UNAMAâ€™s work throughout the country is necessary. While the presence of UNAMAâ€™s offices in eight regional zones remains important, the number, location and TOR of UNAMAâ€™s offices in other provinces should be looked at within the comprehensive mandate review.Â This will help encourage Afghan institutions to end the culture of dependence; avoid unnecessary security risks for the UNAMA staff; and streamline funding for the relevant UN agencies in the country.
8. UNAMAâ€™s role in supporting the efforts to enhance governance and rule of law would be achieved best through strengthening the effort of the government of Afghanistan, in accordance with the Kabul Process. This is why we request that all efforts be made toward strengthening the Afghan governmentâ€™s capacity.
9. The coordinating role of UNAMA in delivering humanitarian assistance in accordance with humanitarian principles is crucial. However, in the way forward, the focus must be on strengthening the central coordinating role of the government of Afghanistan, consistent with the goal of Afghan ownership.
The realization of our requests, will not only facilitate a more efficient UN in years to come, but also a government functioning with greater confidence in its ability to become self reliant.
Ten years after the Bonn Conference, Afghanistan is adamant in its decision to take responsibility for its country and people. This is a process that will not happen overnight, but over time. Throughout the four-year transition to Afghan leadership and ownership, and beyond, the enduring partnership between Afghanistan and the international community, the UN and other partners will remain crucial. The transition is not an end to the relationship between Afghanistan and the international community, but the beginning of a new chapter in an evolving partnership.
We must end the war and violence in Afghanistan. The time has come to ensure that Afghans have the chance to live in peace – free from the threat of violence and sufferings endured for many years. The war against terrorism will not be won without the confidence and support of the Afghan people. While most of the civilian casualties are caused by the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, incidences of loss of innocent life during military operations have increased. However, our moral obligations place a heavy burden on us to make the protection of civilian lives priority number one. Civilian casualties must end and additional measures must be taken to prevent harm to civilians.
We all have come to realize that war and violence cannot be ended through military means alone. That is why we continue to reach out to all those who want to join the peace process. The support of the international community and our enduring partnership is essential for this process and for success in Afghanistan. Afghans are determined to work toward their own destiny. Let us renew our efforts to achieve peace and prosperity in the country through the transition and beyond.
I thank you.