Tuesday, May 23, 2017

United Nations Security Council Debate on The Situation in Afghanistan

Statement by H.E. Dr. Zahir Tanin

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

at the Security Council Debate on The Situation in Afghanistan

Mr. President,

At the outset, I congratulate you for assuming the Presidency of the Council. I also wish to thank the Secretary General for his report on the Situation in Afghanistan, and extend a warm welcome back to the Council to my good friend, Special Representative Staffan de Mistura.

I also take this opportunity to express deepest sympathies, on behalf of the Government and people of Afghanistan, to the people and Government of Japan, for the tragic loss of life and destruction from the earthquake and Tsunami this past week.  We stand beside the friendly peoples of Japan as they recover from that tragedy.

Mr. President,

As we come together today to discuss the situation in Afghanistan, the country embarks on transition to full Afghan sovereignty, national ownership and leadership in an effort to realize the noble vision of a secure, democratic, and prosperous nation – one that is able to meet the needs of its citizens independently. We in Afghanistan know that transition is no easy task, but achievable with our determination and unity, and the sincere support and commitment of the international community.

The logic of transition will guide the way forward over the next four years. During this time, Afghanistan is determined to assume full responsibility at all levels, in order to provide Afghans with security, opportunities for social and economic progress, and the benefits of a society governed by the rule of law.

Mr. President,

The role of the international community in supporting the transition will remain essential for our success.  In London, Kabul and Lisbon, the international community endorsed, and committed to supporting the transition towards Afghan ownership and leadership. Over the next four years, the international community’s role in Afghanistan will revolve around the needs and requirements of the transition process.

Mr. President,

Today’s meeting comes on the eve of the renewal of UNAMA’s mandate.  As the lead international civilian coordinator, the role of the United Nations in Afghanistan over the transition period and beyond will remain crucial. We convey our appreciation for the resolute commitment of all UN staff working under difficult conditions to help meet the aspirations of the Afghan people. As we prepare to officially commence the transition process on the 21st of March, we look to the UN as a key partner in the way forward.

Mr. President,

Afghanistan cannot stand on its own feet if its state institutions remain weak and undermined by various parallel structures, and if its capacity is not strengthened. So, Mr. President, securing Afghanistan is first and foremost about Afghan ownership and leadership; about taking responsibility; and about operating effectively to achieve sustainable progress. This is our ultimate goal to which we are firmly committed.

In the past weeks, we have been engaged in discussions about how UNAMA’s mandate should evolve, in light of transition.  In that regard, on the First of March, the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, H.E. Dr. Zalmai Rassoul sent a letter to the Secretary General on behalf of the Afghan Government, in which he underscored three main requests:

First, a comprehensive review of the UNAMA mandate and the role of the UN in Afghanistan, to be conducted, in consultation with relevant stakeholders, within the next six months.  In subsequent weeks we have agreed that such a review will be done before the Bonn Conference at the end of 2011.

Second, greater coherence, coordination, and efficiency in the work of UN funds, programs, and agencies operating in Afghanistan towards “One United Nations.” Such an approach, bringing each of the UN’s entities together in synergy, is necessary for an efficient and successful transition in the country.

And third, a reshaping of this year’s UNAMA mandate around the transition. To this end, Mr. President, the Government of Afghanistan proposed the following adjustments to the mandate:

1. Transition must be the Central Focus of UNAMA.  A UN mandate that is centered on transition objectives would facilitate a smooth shift to Afghan ownership and leadership. The underlying imperative to transition full responsibility for security, governance, and development to Afghan leadership by the end of 2014 should guide the work of UNAMA and the SRSG.

2. Emphasis must be placed on UNAMA’s responsibility as the co-chair of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) to promote coherence in the international community’s support for the Afghan-defined and Afghan-led development strategy.

3. We stress the need to increasingly channel aid through the Afghan budget, and align it with our Afghan National Priority Programs.  We are convinced that this will lead to more effective and efficient utilization of development assistance.

4. UNAMA plays a crucial role in improving civil military coordination with ISAF. This role, however, should be recalibrated to reflect the aim of the transition process in order to support Afghan-led stabilization efforts.

5. National ownership of the reintegration and reconciliation process is necessary. We are reaching out to all Afghans who are willing to renounce violence and join the peace process. The peace and reconciliation process is Afghan-led and could benefit from support and good offices of UNAMA if requested by the Afghan government.

6. The Afghan government must have ownership of the election process, based on the clear requirements of the Afghan constitution and principle of Afghan sovereignty. In line with the Kabul and London Communiqués, the Government of Afghanistan is fully committed to electoral reform as a measure to ensure sustainability for the democratic process, one which is national in nature and should be addressed by the citizens of Afghanistan. We welcome the availability of UNAMA in helping with capacity building and technical assistance for electoral law if requested by the Government of Afghanistan. Last year’s elections in Afghanistan cost hundreds of millions of dollars, a cost which is not sustainable for an Afghan-led democratic process over time. The election process in Afghanistan must be effective and sustainable; this is only possible through Afghan ownership.

7. A reassessment of UNAMA’s work throughout the country is necessary. While the presence of UNAMA’s offices in eight regional zones remains important, the number, location and TOR of UNAMA’s offices in other provinces should be looked at within the comprehensive mandate review.  This will help encourage Afghan institutions to end the culture of dependence; avoid unnecessary security risks for the UNAMA staff; and streamline funding for the relevant UN agencies in the country.

8. UNAMA’s role in supporting the efforts to enhance governance and rule of law would be achieved best through strengthening the effort of the government of Afghanistan, in accordance with the Kabul Process. This is why we request that all efforts be made toward strengthening the Afghan government’s capacity.

9. The coordinating role of UNAMA in delivering humanitarian assistance in accordance with humanitarian principles is crucial. However, in the way forward, the focus must be on strengthening the central coordinating role of the government of Afghanistan, consistent with the goal of Afghan ownership.

Mr. President,

The realization of our requests, will not only facilitate a more efficient UN in years to come, but also a government functioning with greater confidence in its ability to become self reliant.

Ten years after the Bonn Conference, Afghanistan is adamant in its decision to take responsibility for its country and people. This is a process that will not happen overnight, but over time. Throughout the four-year transition to Afghan leadership and ownership, and beyond, the enduring partnership between Afghanistan and the international community, the UN and other partners will remain crucial. The transition is not an end to the relationship between Afghanistan and the international community, but the beginning of a new chapter in an evolving partnership.

Mr. President,

We must end the war and violence in Afghanistan. The time has come to ensure that Afghans have the chance to live in peace – free from the threat of violence and sufferings endured for many years. The war against terrorism will not be won without the confidence and support of the Afghan people. While most of the civilian casualties are caused by the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, incidences of loss of innocent life during military operations have increased. However, our moral obligations place a heavy burden on us to make the protection of civilian lives priority number one. Civilian casualties must end and additional measures must be taken to prevent harm to civilians.

We all have come to realize that war and violence cannot be ended through military means alone. That is why we continue to reach out to all those who want to join the peace process. The support of the international community and our enduring partnership is essential for this process and for success in Afghanistan. Afghans are determined to work toward their own destiny. Let us renew our efforts to achieve peace and prosperity in the country through the transition and beyond.

I thank you.

Ambassador Tanin

Ambassador Tanin Addresses Least Developed Countries Ministerial Conference

Harnessing the Positive Contribution of South-South Cooperation for LDC’s Development

Statement by His Excellency Dr. Zahir Tanin

Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan

to the United Nations

At the

LDC Pre-Conference

(Harnessing the Positive Contribution of South-South Cooperation for LDC’s Development)

Delhi, India

18-19 February 2011

Please Check Against Delivery

Mr. Chairman,

Let me begin by expressing, on behalf of the government and people of Afghanistan, my sincere appreciation to the government of India for the warm hospitality extended to me and my delegation.  We also commend the government of India and the OHRLLS for their collaboration in organizing this meeting.  We see this initiative as an important opportunity to strengthen our partnership for advancing the socio-economic advancement of the LDCs. We also look forward to the Fourth UN-LDC Conference in Istanbul, at which we will adopt the Istanbul Program of Action.

Mr. Chairman,

Forty-one years have passed since the first group of LDC’s was listed in resolution 2768 of the UN General Assembly. The number of LDC’s has increased from 24 in 1971 to 48 in 2011 – testimony to the fact that development remains a challenge to a significant number of countries. The past three decades have seen a number of important forums in support of LDCs. These include the LDC 2 and 3 Conferences in Paris and Brussels. Nevertheless, despite our efforts, our stated goals have not been realized. This is evident in the fact that only three countries have graduated from among our group.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan and its people understand all too well the unique challenges that are faced by LDCs. In our part, we not only understand these issues but experience them on a daily basis.  This volatile mix of circumstances, characterized by terrorism, poverty, narcotic drugs and a weak infrastructure pose a serious challenge to our development goals. It is clear that security is a vital pre-condition for socio-economic development. As in our case, the complex security environment, resulting from continued terrorism, has complicated our development efforts.

As a result of the challenging situation, our stated goal of a peaceful and prosperous Afghanistan has yet to be achieved.  A gender-gap in literacy and education; high child and maternal mortality rates, coupled with a worrying poverty rate remain harsh realities in Afghan society. For such reasons, we emphasize the steadfast and continued support of the international community.

Mr. Chairman,

Notwithstanding these challenges, we are making steady progress in improving the lives of our citizens.  Our national development strategy (ANDS) is the corner-stone of our efforts to meet the security, development and economic needs of our people.  In the area of health and education, we have established hundreds of schools and clinics throughout the country.  The percentage of the population with access to basic health coverage has increased from 9% to nearly 90% this year.  Close to seven million boys and girls are enrolled in schools, investing in a successful future. Economically, we are investing heavily in our agricultural sector and addressing barriers to increased trade and transit. Among other measures, these have enabled us to see a 22.5% growth in our GDP from 2009-2010.

To advance peace, security and development, we are pursuing regional cooperation with our immediate neighbors and other regional partners. In this context, we have committed to a number of important regional development projects.  These include the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project; the CASA 1000 project for energy transfer from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to Afghanistan and Pakistan; and the North-Electric Power System (NEPS) project, which will be completed by end of this year.  Moreover, progress continues in improving transport infrastructure both within our country and in the region.

Mr. Chairman,

We are confident in our potential to become a land-bridge connecting South Asia and Central Asia. As part of our effort to enhance regional connectivity, we have accorded special focus to our national road and railway programs. More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been constructed so far, linking our main cities; and we are working to implement our national ring road to neighboring countries. Further, our national railway network, many of which are now in the feasibility, design and construction phase, will play a crucial role in connecting our region through trade and strengthening LDC relationships. At the same time, we will maximize use of our untapped natural resources, including recently discovered mineral deposits. This will help us strengthen our economy, facilitate private sector investment, advance infrastructure development, generate jobs for our youth and integrate to regional and global markets.

Mr. Chairman,

In the context of advancing progress in LDCs, past experiences demonstrates that the ‘business-as-usual-approach’ will not yield substantial results. We must endeavor to build on the Brussels Program of Action and recognize the persisting challenges that have prevented us from meeting our seven goals. A part of this is the recognition of the important role that South-South cooperation will play in achieving the ambitious but important vision of reducing at least by half the number of LDCs by 2020, in accordance with the Istanbul Program of Action.

Mr. Chairman,

Many member states present here, like Afghanistan, are reliant on the support of our development partners, with which we have established strong bonds of cooperation. However, in an increasingly interdependent world, the advantages of South-South cooperation must not be underestimated. South-South cooperation has foundations in trade, investment, technical and technological cooperation between developing countries, but it is more fundamental than that; it is the sharing of knowledge, experiences and policies, of lessons learnt and best practice.

We do not seek to replace the North-South relationships we have fostered; but instead we must endeavor simultaneously to strengthen our ties with those in our regions, sub-regions, and fellow countries who share the common challenges we face.

Mr. Chairman,

Lack of financial resources is rightly recognized as one of the main causes for a country to be an LDC. It is in this context that we underscore sustained international support in the form of financial and technical assistance to LDCs. Official Development Assistance remains the main source of financing for development in LDCs. More needs to be done to ensure that such assistance is dispersed on time, aligned with the national development priorities and channeled through core government budgets.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan understands the unique challenges that are faced by LDCs and in my country we not only understand these issues but face them in a post-conflict situation. Despite our challenges, we will work diligently to implement our national development strategy and ensure our citizens with peace, security and development. We look forward to the Fourth UN-LDC Conference in Istanbul and express our full support to its successful outcome.

Thank You.

Permanent Mission of Afghanistan