Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Statement by H.E. Mahmoud Saikal Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations At the General Debate of the Sixth Committee on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism

 

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4 October 2016

NEW YORK

Thank you Mr. Chairman.

I join the previous speakers in congratulating you and other members of the Bureau on your election. We assure you of our full support, and wish you every success in leading the work of the 6th Committee to a successful conclusion.

We align ourselves with the statement, delivered on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Terrorism is the most blatant form of violation of human rights, and a phenomenon that contradicts the core values and tenets of all religions and the essence of the UN Charter.  As we take up this agenda item each year, we have come to realize that this dangerous menace continues to grow in its scope and reach, posing a serious threat to the security and stability of all societies, irrespective of their geographical location.

This year is no different, as numerous attacks took place in my own country, Afghanistan and in other countries in five continents.  The status quo makes it ever more evident that despite ongoing efforts, the global counter-terrorism campaign must be revitalized for a more responsive approach.

To that end, the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy remains the most effective framework within which States must carry out their counter-terrorism obligations. We welcome the 5th Review of the Global Strategy this past July, which helped give new focus on ways to address some new trends, with respect to the global terrorist threat. We also acknowledge the important mandate entrusted to the UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and the Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (CTED) and Implementation Task Force (CTITF) for supporting States with technical and logistical assistance to meet their counter-terrorism obligations.

Having said that, a glimpse at the status of counter-terrorism efforts show that terrorist threats have rapidly increased rather than subside.  This reflects the obvious; States need to do more to meet their counter-terrorism obligations, in a timely and efficient manner.  In light of the continuing trend, we see merit in a review of the activities of UN entities, to identify and fill gaps in implementation, and assess what really can be done to achieve a more results-oriented approach for fulfilling respective mandates.

Mr. Chairman,

The many counter-terrorism resolutions of the General Assembly and Security Council, including SC resolutions 1373 and 2178 remain living documents. Nevertheless, far too often, we see elements in Some States, particularly one in our region, still resort to terrorism as a tool to advance their misguided foreign policy agenda.

Here again, we wish to state that the fight against terrorism cannot be won, if the international community fails to address the lingering problem of terrorist sanctuaries, safe havens and training centers, where extremists are nurtured, equipped and directed to engage in terror. Any State or elements within a State, involved in the perpetration or orchestration of terrorist attacks must be held to account.

Mr. Chairman,

This year, Afghanistan’s fight against terrorism continued unabated. Our security forces were tested on different fronts, battling a sophisticated nexus of 9 terrorist groups in different parts of the country.  As we speak, our security forces have repulsed another failed attempt by the Taliban and affiliate groups to establish a presence in Kunduz city, in northern Afghanistan.  However, as they retreat, they have taken innocent people hostage and have intentionally caused as much destruction to civilian lives and property as they can. Latest estimates indicate enemy forces have suffered heavy losses in their ranks, including senior figures. Weakened in their morale and operational capability, enemy forces increasingly resort to asymmetrical attacks on schools, universities, aid agencies and public events.  In July and August, they attacked a large gathering of peaceful demonstrators and the American University in Kabul, resulting in the loss of scores of civilians, including many of our talented youth.

We have adopted a holistic approach to combat terrorism, entailing both military and peace-building components.  We have consistently pursued a policy of combating those elements driven by extremist ideology, while keeping the doors of peace and reconciliation open to those elements that are ready to renounce violence, accept the constitution, and return to normal life.  Moreover, the National Unity Government has facilitated an effective platform for our religious clerics to amplify their denunciation of terror and violence, whether in Afghanistan or any other parts of the world.

Mr. Chairman,

Afghanistan joins the call for the conclusion of the draft comprehensive convention on international terrorism, for a more responsive approach in dealing the problem of terrorism. A final conclusion of this important legal instrument has eluded us for far too long, while thousands of people have fallen victim to terrorism around the world: men, women; the elderly, and even children.   The time is now to break the impasse and address outstanding issues to finalize the draft comprehensive convention as a matter of priority.

We attach great importance to the Secretary General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism (PEV) and its recommendations, which offers a unique perspective on addressing some of the underlying conditions that drive individuals to radicalize and join extremist groups.

Afghanistan also believes that inter-religious and inter-faith dialogue and collaboration can play an important role in the fight against terrorism by fostering a spirit of peace, solidarity and harmony between different cultures and religions.  In this context, we reject any form of religious and faith-based intolerance, and association of any religion with terrorism.  To that end, we welcome the important work being done by the UN Alliance of Civilizations and welcome the outcome of the Baku Declaration, adopted at the conclusion of the AOC’s 7th Global Forum in April.

Mr. Chairman,

To conclude, we reiterate our long-standing commitment to defeating international terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.  As a country whose people have stood valiantly in the front line of the global war against terrorism for over two decades, we will continue to collaborate with all stakeholders, nationally, regionally and internationally to reduce, and eventually eliminate the threat posed by this global menace.

Thank You.

Statement by H.E. Mahmoud Saikal Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations At the General Debate of the Second Committee of the 71st Session of the General Assembly

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3 October 2016

NEW YORK

Mr. Chairman,

At the outset, allow me to congratulate you on the assumption of the Chairmanship of the Second Committee of the 71st Session of the General Assembly. I hope that under your leadership, the Second Committee will have productive and fruitful discussions in the forthcoming weeks. I would like to assure you of my delegation’s full support and cooperation throughout the deliberations of issues concerning this Committee.

I also wish to commend the Chair of the Second Committee of the 70th Session of the General Assembly and his team for their successful leadership last year.

My delegation associates itself with the statements delivered by the Kingdom of Thailand on behalf of the Group of 77 and China, and Bangladesh on behalf of the Group of Least Developed Countries.

Mr. Chairman,

In 2016, we started our journey towards the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In this regard, the High Level Midterm Review of the Istanbul Programme of Action for LDCs and the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development have been milestones in providing political guidance for the sustainable development process, as well as occasions to exchange views on common challenges, best practices, and lessons learned.

Mr. Chairman,

The implementation of the 2030 Agenda constitutes a great challenge as well as an invaluable opportunity.  It is fundamental to work to foster coherence in the UN system, adopt a holistic approach to further sustainable development, and honor the promise of leaving no one behind. We cannot overemphasize that “leaving no one behind” means addressing the special needs and challenges of countries in special situations, in particular LDCs, LLDCs, and countries in conflict and post conflict situations through the work of the Committee.

Mr. Chairman,

As a member of LDCs, LLDCs, and as a conflict affected country, I would like to highlight the following points:

 

·      Countries in conflict and post-conflict situations have always faced unique challenges in achieving sustainable development, as conflict not only impedes but reverses decades of development gains. Our delegation sees the strengthening of the connection between peace and security and development as a priority in the work of the Committee. Furthermore, we cannot stress enough the importance of mainstreaming SDG 16 (promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development) in the relevant resolutions and documents adopted by the Committee;

 

·      Financing for Development plays a crucial factor in the achievement of the 2030 Agenda. We put a high value on the realization of the commitments made in Addis Ababa, and we would like to reiterate that Official Development Assistance (ODA), especially towards LDCs and LLDCs, is an element of primary importance to support our efforts for reaching sustainable development and economic growth;

 

·      We welcome the adoption of the Paris Agreement as a comprehensive and ambitious effort to combat climate change. After going through the due process, Afghanistan would ratify the agreement. We are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, although not being responsible for it in the first place. We expect the international community to follow through with its financial commitments aimed at developing capacity for adaptation in developing countries;

 

·      We welcome the outcome of the H.L. Midterm Review of the Istanbul Programme of Action. We see the Midterm Review as a serious and ambitious document aimed at redoubling our efforts in addressing the needs of LDCs, and we put a high value on creating synergies with the 2030 Agenda, with the aim of designing a comprehensive and sensible strategy to achieve sustainable development in the Least Developed Countries;

 

·      We would like to reiterate the relevance of the timely implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the importance of developing disaster risk reduction strategies for a better and more effective implementation of the SDGs;

Mr. Chairman,

2016 marks an important year for the work of Second Committee and the UN Development System as a whole, as we are called to adopt the new Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review (QCPR). This resolution is of the utmost importance, especially in light of the need to align the UN Development System with the 2030 Agenda, as well as the need to fostering a more comprehensive and effective approach to sustainable development.

We call for the new QCPR to pay special attention to crucial elements such as the transition from relief to development, enhancing the funding of core resources, poverty eradication, and the needs and challenges faced by countries in special situations.

Mr. Chairman,

This month is of extraordinary importance for the development process of Afghanistan. Tomorrow and the day after, the National Unity Government and the international community are coming together for the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan. This key event will provide a platform for the Government of Afghanistan, the international community, along with other partners to reaffirm and consolidate their partnership for peace and prosperity in Afghanistan.

For this important occasion, the Government of Afghanistan has prepared “Afghanistan’s National Peace and Development Framework,” (ANPDF) a five-year strategic plan for achieving self-reliance and sustainable development, bringing an end to poverty, and ensuring security and stability to the country. The ANPDF has been developed in accordance with the goals and targets set out in the 2030 Agenda, by streamlining the SDGs in the relevant national policies and plans, with the goal of achieving the SDGs and addressing the unfinished business of the MDGs.

At the national level, Afghanistan has also developed a roadmap for the implementation of 2030 Agenda, learning from our experience in implementing the MDGs. The National Coordination Committee (NCC) is the highest coordination body for the SDGs implementation. Meanwhile, several other technical working groups, involving the Government, Parliament, UN agencies, civil society, and the private sector have been established to support the implementation of the Agenda.

Mr. Chairman,

In conclusion, I would like to reassure you of my delegation’s constructive and effortless engagement throughout the discussion of this session of the Committee.

Thank you Mr. Chairman.

Statement by His Excellency Sarwar Danesh, Second Vice President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan at the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly 

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21 September 2016

NEW YORK

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and Peace be upon our Master and Prophet Mohammad and all of his Family and Companions

Mr. President, Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, 

 It is my distinct pleasure to attend the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. I would like to sincerely congratulate Ambassador Peter Thompson from the Republic of Fiji on assuming the Presidency of this year’s General Assembly Session, and want to thank His Excellency Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary General, for a decade of his persistent efforts and wise leadership in support of fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, and justice for all. We wish him every success in his future endeavors.

 Mr. President, 

 The 21st century has brought with it an ever-complex international arena, where some old conflicts have lingered and exacerbated, while new threats and challenges in the forms of violent extremism and terrorism, displacement and migration, climate change, and other challenges have emerged, threatening all humanity. We have realized that dialogue and cooperation provides the most viable avenue to promote peace and security, and to ensure a world without hatred and conflict.

We believe that the UN still remains the single most important international body for the promotion of global peace, security and prosperity, and that achieving a stronger organization remains a priority for all of us in the way forward. The United Nations’ vital role in helping Afghanistan transition into a democratic and pluralistic society is a clear example of its profound impact in helping to create real change for the betterment of societies and communities around the world.

Allow me to update the Assembly on the current state of affairs in my country. While the Government of National Unity in Afghanistan has passed two years since its establishment, I would like to briefly present an overview of the achievements of the Government of National Unity under the leadership of His Excellency, Dr. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, the elected President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.

Mr. President, 

We in Afghanistan aim to strengthen the spirit of national participation and cooperation for reflection and implementation of wishes and will of Afghan citizens. Based on national consensus, all groups, political figures and Afghan elites inside and outside the Government are jointly sharing ideas for strengthening the political system and the Government of National Unity, and for the implementation of reforms within the framework of national interests.

The Afghan nation has inherited a legacy of conflict, oppression, discrimination and inequality. We believe democracy is the best solution to these problems, as it provides the only foundation to ensure justice and equality and enable social and political groups to be adequately represented. To this end, we have a modern Constitution that provides for this goal, and only its full implementation can ensure political stability in our society.

Our Government has made considerable achievements in different areas over the past two years, including reducing maternal and child mortality, increasing access to education, improving basic freedoms, strengthening the telecommunication and information sectors, improving the rule of law and preserving justice and human rights. Internationally, our Government has gained a proper status, proving to be a trustworthy partner to the many countries that are engaged in Afghanistan and have invested for security and stability of the country.

We are sparing no effort to implement our commitments towards reforms. Our well-planned and systematic efforts are ongoing to eliminate corruption, strengthen good governance, conduct judicial reforms, promote women’s empowerment, ensure effective service delivery for our citizens, ensure accountability standards at all levels of the Government, institutionalize merit-based appointments of senior officials, as well as to secure transparency in Government contracts, with the establishment of the National Procurement Commission.

In order to strengthen transparency of our future parliamentary, presidential and district councils elections, the process of consultations and technical and legal studies on reforming the electoral bodies and the electoral laws has concluded and initial steps towards electoral reforms will begin very soon. Combating the threat of narcotics is another priority of the National Unity Government. In this regard, we are cooperating closely with UNODC and other international partners, and will continue our joint efforts within the National Action Plan framework.

At the Warsaw NATO Summit last July, NATO members and our other allies pledged to provide one billion US dollars in support, on an annual basis, for the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces until the end of 2020. The Resolute Support Mission, which offers support in areas of training, advisory and assistance to the Afghan security forces was also extended beyond 2016. We extend a particular debt of gratitude to the United States of America for providing the largest share of support.

In less than two weeks time, Afghanistan and our international partners will come together at the Brussels Conference to review and reach important decisions on the full scope of the joint partnership in the way forward. The National Unity Government will be presenting a comprehensive update on the positive trajectory of our reform efforts, conducted on the basis of the Self-Reliance Through Mutual Accountability Framework (SMAF). We look forward to our international partners to make new pledges of assistance on the basis of Afghanistan’s National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF).

Mr. President,

Despite these achievements, continuation of the undeclared war against Afghanistan and the need for security still remains a serious challenge for the Government of National Unity, as our people are still subject to merciless attacks of terrorist groups. Currently, more than ten terrorist groups who are sent from outside Afghanistan with the goal of creating obstacles for our state-building efforts and preventing the establishment of peace and stability are fighting against us in Afghanistan.

One of their main objectives is to suppress democracy, freedom of speech, and our free and independent media.  That is why our journalists are subject to serious threats while reporting from the battlefields, and also during terrorist attacks.  Afghanistan requests the United Nations to appoint a Special Representative for the Safety of Journalists, focused on the protecting all journalists, including those serving in Afghanistan.

Over the past several months, terrorists including Taliban and Daesh (ISIS), who continue to enjoy foreign support, attacked a peaceful and civil demonstration of the Enlightenment Movement  in Dehmazang Square in Kabul, and killed tens of our educated youth and elite.  They also attacked the American University of Afghanistan and other civilian facilities, killing hundreds of innocent civilians.  Based on existing evidence, these attacks were planned and organized from the other side of the Durand Line, inside Pakistani territory.

This year, the Taliban tried to take control of more areas in the country, especially in Kunduz and Helmand provinces, but were confronted by our national defense and security forces.  As a result, hundreds of extremist militants of the Taliban and Daesh, many of whom were foreign fighters were killed or captured.

We call on the international community to pay particular attention to the elimination of terrorist safe havens, located outside of the country. We urge States to honestly implement their international pledges in the fight against terrorism and to avoid a dual policy of making a distinction between good and bad terrorists, which undermines the international order.  We ask all of you:  Where were the previous leaders of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda residing, and where were they killed? At this very moment, where are the leaders of the Taliban and Haqqani network located? From where and how are terrorists being trained, equipped and financed during a full-scale war?

We have repeatedly asked our neighboring country Pakistan to destroy the known terrorist safe havens, but we unfortunately are yet to witness any change in the situation. Afghanistan has always desired peaceful relations with all countries in the region. However, the Government of National Unity reserves the right to do whatever is necessary for the defense and protection of our people.

We have also kept open the doors of peace and negotiations for those Taliban elements and other armed opposition groups who are willing to give up violence, return to peaceful life and adhere to our Constitution.  In this connection, a peace agreement is about to be signed between our government and Hizb-e-Islami Party. This will be an important step for progress in our peace process.

We believe that the Quadrilateral Coordination Group (QCG) composed of Afghanistan, People’s Republic of China, Pakistan, and the United States can remain a useful platform to further peace efforts, so long as the Government of Pakistan acts in good faith to meet and fulfill its commitments within the parameters of the QCG’s “Road Map.”

Mr. President, 

Despite our security challenges, Afghanistan has always maintained a positive approach in regards to our relations with all regional countries and the Islamic world. We consider Islamic countries to be our best partners, and seek to strengthen our cultural, social, and economic ties and to use our experience to promote peace and coexistence and present a moderate interpretation of Islam. In this regard, we welcome the expressed readiness of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and any Islamic country to help promote the peace agenda in Afghanistan.

I want to add that Islam, as a religion has a clear thought, culture, civilization and history that on the one hand respects human dignity, rights and freedoms and drives national sovereignty from the will of people, and on the other hand, is against any kind of injustice, exclusivism, hatred, radicalism and violence. Those individual and groups that resort to violence, terror, and killing under any name are not acquainted with the spirit of this humane religion, and in fact are using Islam only as a tool to achieve their evil goals.

How can Islam possibly give permission for terrorism and suicide attacks to take the lives of thousands of innocent people, when it clearly considers human as the representative of God on earth, assigns him dignity and gives him heavenly deposits in the holy verses of Quran and also considers killing of one innocent human equal that of killing all of humanity?  We expect of the prominent Islamic Scholars who will soon take part in an important Conference in the Holy city of Mecca to further enlighten the true image of Islam, and declare their condemnation of terrorists and extremists, on behalf of our great religion.

Mr. President, 

In order to achieve regional cooperation, we need to have a stable region.  Afghanistan’s foreign policy is founded on the creation of an “economy based secure society.” Afghanistan is an active member of the regional organizations of SAARC and ECO, and an observer member of the Shanghai Organization and aims to actively take part in the revitalization of the regional cooperation agenda within the Heart of Asia Istanbul and RECCA processes.

 Afghanistan and all of the regional countries have common threats and interests. We should come together and cooperate to fight against our common threats including terrorism, radicalism, drugs, organized crimes, illegal immigration, and smuggling. Also, the establishment of the regional railroad, energy transit, mine extraction, trade and transit can provide an important joint economic cooperation for us. Afghanistan, as the important crossroad of trade, transit, and economic activities can connect South Asia to Central Asia and Middle East to East and South Asia. Afghanistan has already made significant progress through projects such as TAPI, CASA-1000, Lapis Highway, the railway corridor between China, Iran and Afghanistan, and expansion of cooperation in Chabahar port of Iran. With implementation of these projects, Afghanistan can reach international markets, and the regional countries can also get better connected.

With respect to the principles of non-interference in the affairs of other countries, avoiding use of force in resolution of conflicts, respect for territorial integrity and national sovereignty, exchange of knowledge, science and technology, and most important of all, through promotion of peace and lasting security and stability, we can prepare for economic growth of all countries of our region. Therefore, we request all our neighboring countries to cooperate with us in provision of security and stability in the region, which is a pre-condition for achieving economic interests and welfare. The countries of the region should recognize that without the provision of security and stability in Afghanistan, none of us will achieve lasting stability and economic welfare.

Mr. President,

In November 1946, Afghanistan was the first country to become a UN member state after the 51 founding countries of the UN, and since then seriously adhered to its international commitments. Over the last sixteen years, we have served as a point of convergence whereby the international community has come together. In this connection and on behalf of the Afghan nation, I wish to also highlight and thank the centrality of the UN’s role in facilitating an effective international support role for Afghanistan’s stability and prosperity.

During recent years, we have signed documents of long-term strategic cooperation with 20 of our allies, including the US, EU and NATO, and in important conferences of Bonn, Tokyo, London, Chicago, and Warsaw they have announced their valuable support for the Afghan Government’s policies and decisions. Afghanistan, like other members of the international community, is serious and decisive in fighting radicalism and violence, and will continue its strong fight against this ominous phenomenon. It has been years that our nation is at the forefront of the fight against terrorism and has made tremendous sacrifices in order to defend common values of humanity. We have lost many of our great national figures such as: Martyr Ahmad Shah Massoud, Martyr Ustad Burhanudding Rabbani, Martyr Ustad Abdulali Mazari, Martyr Abdulhaq, Martyr Haji Qadir, and hundreds of Ulemas, MPs, Officers, and members of our political elite.

However, we believe that terrorism and radicalism have become global threats against world peace. This is true when we witness signs of radicalism in different forms in Europe and America, and incidents of terrorist attacks in many countries of the world. In this regard, and considering the extent of these threats, measures of the international community in the fight against terrorism and radicalism will never be enough and successful unless effective holistic measures encompassing political, cultural, economic and even military aspects are considered as a universal strategic needs. The UN should hold an international conference on the fight against radicalism with the aim of introducing a new legal set up to combat terrorism. We believe that serious efforts in the fight against terrorism and radicalism are in need of exact and thorough planning for at least 20 years, and in this plan, Afghanistan should receive special attention from the international community as we are at the forefront of this fight.

One of the ominous outcomes of violence and radicalism is the new wave of immigration in the last year that has made it an important international challenge. We express gratitude to the countries that offer support to Afghan immigrants, especially Germany and other European countries that welcome Afghan refugees with open arms and with human-loving spirit. We also request the UN and its member states to have a new approach towards this international challenge and help the countries where immigrants are coming from to deal with the roots, causes and reasons of immigration, especially the ominous phenomena of war, poverty, and illiteracy.

Mr. President,

A glimpse to the world conditions shows that injustices, threats of violence, and conflicts are still endangering millions of human lives throughout the world. We are witnessing the extent of devastation and terror in Syria. We announce our full support to a comprehensive solution to the Syrian conflict that will reflect the will of all Syrians.  We also wish for a comprehensive and peaceful solution to the conflict in Yemen.

We support the new international efforts to resolve the issue of Palestine and to provide the legitimate rights of brave and noble Palestinians including the right to have an independent government and invite all sides to start direct talks in order to achieve a sustainable solution based on the principle of peace and peaceful coexistence.

Afghanistan supports the historic agreement between 5+1 countries and the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Iranian nuclear program within the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and deems implementation of this agreement as constructive for the provision of peace, stability, and sustainable development of the region and the world.

In regards to nuclear programs, I should add that we believe, North Korea’s tests of nuclear weapons are dangerous for the region and can endanger world peace and security.

Mr. President,

Since 2001, when we commenced a new chapter of our modern history, Afghanistan has regained its historical place among the responsible members of the family of nations represented in this Assembly.  Through words and deeds, we have shown our full and abiding commitment to uphold the principles of the UN Charter, and to render our role in promoting global peace, justice, human rights, and the rule of law. It is in this context that we have presented our candidacy to the Human Rights Council for the period 2018-2020. We call respectfully and friendly on all of our friends and all the member states to support our candidacy in the upcoming elections.

In conclusion, I wish to reiterate, on behalf of the Afghan people and Government, our deepest gratitude to all of our international partners that have stood beside us in our quest for peace, security, and prosperity over the past sixteen years, and I specially thank the sacrifices of NATO/ISAF troops in the fight against terrorism in Afghanistan. Together, we have come a long way in our journey, but our task is undoubtedly unfinished. We look to your continued support over the coming years, and stand confident in realizing the goals we have jointly set to achieve.

Here I wish to highlight once again, Afghanistan’s firm commitment to the realization of a world in which peace, harmony, justice, and tranquility prevails.

I Thank You.

Permanent Mission of Afghanistan