Monday, May 28, 2018

Ambassador Tanin Received by the Libyan Leader

H.E. Zahir Tanin, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United States, arrived in Libya late Saturday for a three-day official visit at the invitation of the Government of Libya.

On Monday, Ambassador Tanin was received by H.E. Mr. Moammar Ghadafi, Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution, at his Residence in Tripoli. They spoke for two hours. Also present were the Libyan Director of International Organizations, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Chief of Protocol of the Office of the Leader.

Their discussion ranged from Afghanistan, and the role of the international community there, to the Security Council reform process that Ambassador Tanin is currently chairing for his second year under the Libyan Presidency of H.E. Ali Treki. Leader Ghadafi expressed his opinion that the UN General Assembly needed to be empowered, and that the Security Council should be more democratic and representative, rather than being the preserve of a select few. He emphasized the importance of the national sovereign equality that underpins the United Nations, and stated his belief that reform of the Charter is necessary to reflect current realities, to give permanent representation for all including Africa through representation of regional and other organizations. He expressed his support for Ambassador Tanin’s efforts and wished him success.

Ambassador Tanin, for his part, briefed the Leader on recent developments in the negotiations process, including the recent introduction of a draft negotiation text. He thanked the Leader for his interest and emphasized that there was a need for engagement from international leaders to produce the necessary political will for reform. Ambassador Tanin reiterated that he remained impartial to positions but partial to progress, and said that he would do everything he could to keep the momentum alive, but that in the end the Member States were the owners and drivers of the process.

Ambassador Tanin and Leader Ghadafi also discussed the current situation in Afghanistan. The Leader expressed his solidarity with the Afghan people and his support for their search for a political solution to the ongoing conflict. He expressed his wishes for the success of the Afghan leadership in finding a solution and ending the long suffering of the Afghan people.

Ambassador Tanin also met with Minister of Foreign Affairs H.E. Mr. Mussa Kussa.

During his visit to Libya, Ambassador Tanin also had the opportunity to visit several sights of cultural and historical interest, including ancient Roman ruins outside of Tripoli.

Statement of UN special envoy, Staffan de Mistura to the UN Security Council

Mr President, Members of the Security Council, Thank you very much, Mr President, it is a great pleasure to see you here again after your mission.

I would like to take this opportunity to elaborate on the UN’s activities in Afghanistan and the priorities in the current Afghan environment. I will be briefer than usual because we had the privilege of having the visit of the members of the Security Council to Afghanistan and therefore you have seen with your own eyes and heard with your own ears what the current situation is on the ground. I want, in this connection, to thank you for your visit. It came just over three months since I took up my own new assignment, and was very timely.

This is indeed a crucial year in Afghanistan, and I think that anyone of you who was there must have had the same feeling. It is a year in which we are all trying, together with the Afghan authorities and the Afghan people, to reach a form of stabilization of the situation in Afghanistan. Everybody acknowledges the fact that there is no military solution alone for what is the current situation in the country. There must be a lot more, and that is what we are working together on. For security gains to be sustained, Afghanistan requires a political vision that is articulated, driven and owned by the Afghans themselves. Efforts must combine to create a sufficiently conducive political environment to counterbalance rising insecurity in a manner that signals that Afghanistan assumes greater responsibility for its desirable end state.

This year has an intense calendar of events and in that sense we are moving in the right direction. We had the London Conference which was very useful. It did indicate a support by the international community to the Afghan authorities during this crucial year. We had the consultative Peace Jirga, which was equally extremely helpful because it gave the opportunity to everyone, Afghans and its international partners, to actually come to a realization that there is a common understanding on how to address the dialogue in order to have more Afghans inside the white tent where we all were during the period of the Peace Jirga.

And the next step is the Kabul Conference, where many Foreign Ministers will be coming and I understand that the United Nations Secretary-General has also confirmed his own attendance. It will be a stepping stone. Let me summarize in which direction the organizers of the Kabul Conference are going. I am referring to the Afghans of course; we will be co-chairing, but they are in the lead. The concept is a public contract, I repeat contract, between the Afghan Government and the Afghan people, offering concrete social and economic improvements. The international community will not be expected to bring new funds but to actually realign, if they feel comfortable with these priorities, the resources that have already be allocated to Afghanistan, bilaterally or elsewhere. This will have several advantages, one will be to further help the “Afghanization” concept, which should not just be a word but should become more and more a concrete fact. And the Afghans feel very strongly about that. They are proud people, historically proven to be so, and even more so these days. They need to feel that the future is in fact in their hands, and this is a good opportunity. If they are proposing concrete programmes, they should also feel they can lead them and, at the same time, be accountable for the results. The event will not be putting more pressure on donor countries, because it will be at best a request for a realignment of the current bilateral funding.

The UN, as you know, Mr Chairman, is now focussing on 3+1 priorities. We cannot cover everything, and if we did, we would not be able to make a difference. The 3+1 areas are elections, the internal dialogue, regional dialogue and constructive engagement, and aid coherence — which is assisting the Afghan authorities and the international community to avoid overlapping and better coordination of the huge amount of aid which is reaching Afghanistan.

Elections: it is the mother of all issues in Afghanistan, and frankly for all of us. The previous elections did not go well. It would be an understatement to say they went well. They did not go well, and this time we are all trying to work together. They will not be perfect and they will not be elections that you would see in other countries which do not have the same challenges, but they will be better, and they should be insha’allah better. Why? Because lessons were learned by everyone and secondly because there is much more monitoring taking place, internally, by the Afghans themselves.

UNAMA was able to contribute to one major part of the process. As you probably will remember, because so many things have happened since, in April there was a moment of difficulty. There was an institutional stalemate between the Presidency and the Wolesi Jirga, which could have blocked the electoral process. And the formula that the UN, with the cooperation of the whole international community present in Kabul, was able to propose and get approval by everyone for the implementation guidelines on elections. This resulted in: first, a new Chairman for the Independent Electoral Commission and a new electoral team; second, the presence of two international commissioners in the Electoral Complaints Commission with a concurring vote; third, the role of women — the fact that 68 seats were guaranteed for women and if, for whatever reason, a seat would have to be given up, they would be replaced by a woman and not by a man. All that produced a breakdown of the stalemate, and the elections are now moving in the right direction. The new commissioners have been doing their homework. We now have 2,677 declared candidates, of which 400 are women, and they are working on 6,835 polling centres and 19,942 polling stations. 30,000 new voters have been registered; we are getting close to 12.5 million expected voters.

It will not be easy. The main challenge: security. And the second main challenge: security. Because if the elections are tarnished by excessive security problems that may induce closing of voting stations and therefore the disenfranchising of people who could have voted. As we get close to 18 September, we will have to watch this closely in order to assist the Afghan authorities, in the lead of the elections.

The UN and the international community are proactively and actively offering their support, but the Afghans are in the lead. One example has been the vetting process, and some of you who were in Kabul were part of the intense moments related to the vetting. The vetting Commission, lead by the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Defense and the National Department for Security was for a moment unable to come up with any candidates to be excluded from the elections. The latest news is that a list of almost 40 people has been presented, representing different provinces. A decision is imminent. This is a substantial improvement from the impression we had that the vetting process had been inconclusive. We will be facing difficult moments regarding the elections, but I can certainly tell you that at the moment, the decisions made by the Electoral Commission are reassuring, including to those Afghans who felt the elections could be going in the wrong direction. We will cross that bridge when we get there and I may require your assistance when we get into difficulties, but at the moment, so far, so good.

Dialogue: the second area of priority for our own focus. As you know, this is again Afghan-led and should be Afghan-led, but the UN has the capacity in assisting those types of discussions that may take place, or are taking place. One example was the Hizb-i-Islami visit to Kabul, where the UN in coordination with the Presidency, received the Hizb-i-Islami team. The UN stands ready to facilitate dialogue. We are looking forward to playing a role in confidence-building measures, including on the 1267 sanctions list.

Regional: there is an agreement by everyone that no substantive sustainable development in Afghanistan can take place if we do not have a constant and constructive engagement with all regional players, stakeholders, and beyond. That is why, I myself, with the permission of the Secretary-General have been travelling to several of the regional countries such as Pakistan, Iran and elsewhere, in order to make sure that we would be able to hear their concerns and facilitate these concerns into a right direction. There are very useful initiatives that are being led by countries like Turkey, alongside other efforts such as the meetings of the Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan, the Shanghai initiative, and the Dubai process, which is being supported by Canada. And the UN has been leading the Silk Road Initiative, a very charming name, but in fact it goes beyond charm. It is meant to engage countries that are not necessarily geographically linked to Afghanistan, but which might have a political and historical relationship to the country. We are working on economic issues, also on issues such as drugs, or transport and energy. These topics are all opportunities for regional dialogue, which may then also help the political engagement that is needed.

Aid coherence: it is a part of our mandate and a major necessity. The good news is that our studies have shown that there are no major contradictions, no excessive overlap between multilateral and bilateral support. What is needed is more support for the Afghan authorities to take on themselves the aid coherence approach. There is a mechanism which is the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board, and it will be meeting insha’allah on 8 July. I myself on behalf of the Secretary General will co-chair. The JCMB needs to be revitalised. The next opportunity for aid coherence is the Kabul Conference. If the international community can go into the Kabul Conference with a donor “realignment contract”, I am confident they can achieve aid coherence.

Regarding transition: this means moving from military to civilian control — particularly referring to the PRTs [Provincial Reconstruction Teams] — from military to civilian, and from civilian to Afghan and with Afghan means. This with the support of the UN, which with its 21 provincial and regional offices — staffed by more than 700 international staff and 6,000 national staff — will work toward squaring the circle to boost Afghan capacity to take over the lead also with regard to security. That is why we are also keen in securing your support for the financial package that will let staff in Afghanistan, but also Iraq, feel they are on par with colleagues working in more secure parts of the world. In that regard, I am grateful and thankful to the Dutch Government in offering their help to establish secure accommodation.

Partnership: You will be rightly asking how are we doing with ISAF, EU, and the ISAF Senior Civilian Representative? The short answer is, excellent. There is a feeling of mutual support, and, although we have different mandates and priorities, the goal is the same; coordination to have a “common messaging” to avoid contradictions. I would like to reassure you that this is moving in the right direction, while each of us are keeping are our independence, neutrality, impartiality but also respect for each others mandates. Our common goal is to help achieve a stable Afghanistan, while respecting Afghan culture, traditions, sovereignty and religion.

In conclusion, 2010 will be a year in which we all need to be resilient, creative, and respectful of Afghan priorities. At the end of the day it will be that Afghans that have to find their own solutions. The Security Council visit was timely and has given a strong boost to UNAMA staff and has also built a strong feeling among Afghan partners that the international community is, indeed, committed to its cause.

UN Security Council press conference in Kabul


Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Turkey to the United Nations

Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Hanting, Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations

Ambassador, Zahir Tanin, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations

Staffan de Mistura, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan

Kabul – 24 June 2010

Opening remarks by Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Turkey to the United Nations

Distinguished members of the press,

The visit has been very productive, thanks to the excellent organization of UNAMA. It was also thanks to the sincerity of our interlocutors.

We held substantive talks with members of the executive and legislative branches, meeting with President Karzai, Foreign Minister Rassul, Speaker of the Wolesi Jirga Mr Qanuni and Chairs of the Standing Committees of Parliament, as well as members of the Cabinet. These included extensive interaction with Afghan institutions, including the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) and the Electoral Complaints Commission (ECC). We also held useful discussions with civil society. We visited the NATO training mission. We also met with the main international stakeholders, including UN agencies, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the European Union. During our visit to Jalalabad today, we met with local authorities, UN colleagues and families located in a returnee settlement.

During our contacts we reiterated the United Nations Security Council’s support and enduring commitment to the people of Afghanistan and its Government in furthering peace, development and stability. We emphasized the central role of the United Nations in Afghanistan and expressed full support to and solidarity with the efforts of the United Nations Secretary-General, in particular through his Special Representative for Afghanistan, Staffan de Mistura, and UNAMA.

The visit was conducted at an important period after the Consultative Peace Jirga and before the Kabul Conference.

We were briefed on various challenges related to the legislative elections scheduled for 18 September. Free and fair elections are necessary. We welcome the strong participation of women candidates.

We emphasized the importance of economic and social development for the future of Afghanistan.

Afghan officials indicated their strong commitment to improve governance. We also welcomed the trend to improved local governance.

The 1267 (al-Qaeda and Taliban) Committee is in the process of finalizing its review of the consolidated list. This process includes all the entries concerning individuals and entities linked to the Taliban. The review is conducted on a case-by-case basis.

We encouraged the Afghan authorities to further their efforts to uphold the rule of law, human rights, in particular, women’s and children’s rights.

We stressed the importance of regional cooperation in political, security and economic areas. It was underlined by several Afghan authorities that regional cooperation is a central part of Afghanistan’s foreign policy.

We also stressed the importance of combating the narcotics industry and trade.

We would like to thank the Afghan authorities and UNAMA for all the arrangements they made.

The international community will continue its solidarity and engagement with the Afghan people in furthering peace, development and stability.

Thank you.

Questions and Answers:

Staffan de Mistura: Thank you very much, Mr Ambassador. This statement will be distributed to all of you, both in English and in other languages. It is a little more extensive on the 1267 point. Now if there are any questions to any of the members of the Security Council or to the coordinator of the visit or to the current President of the Security Council, the Ambassador of Mexico. You are very welcome.

McClatchy Newspaper: Can you tell us how many people on the blacklist there are at the moment? And the second question is, the Peace Jirga decided that the Afghan Government must ask the UN Security Council to remove the leadership of the Taliban and Hezb-i-Islami from the blacklist. Is the UN Security Council going to de-list these individuals from the list, or not?

Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan: Now I give the floor to Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Harting of Austria, who is chairing 1267 Committee.

Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Harting: Thank you Ambassador Apakan. I will briefly explain the procedures under which the Committee operates. The Committee is in the process of conducting a review of all the entries on the list, of all people and all entities linked to al-Qaeda and the Taliban. This is a process that is not linked to present-day developments. It is a process that the Security Council asked the Committee to conduct in a decision at the end of 2008, and this is the process that we are now going through. In principle, this process is meant to be concluded, this review of all the entries, in the next few days or in the very next weeks. As the Ambassador of Turkey already said, it operates the review on a case-by-case basis. The Committee does not treat categories of people or groups of people. It deals with individual cases. And in this process, especially when it comes to the de-listing of people, the Committee bases itself on the following guiding principles: people who are to be delisted have to convincingly renounce violence; they have to lay down arms; have broken all links with al Qaeda; and fully accepted, in the cases of Taliban, the Afghan Constitution. For any de-listing to happen this requires the censuses of all 15 members of the Security Council. And it is evidently very important to have exact information that these criteria have been fulfilled, and in this instance of course the information that can be provided by the Government of Afghanistan is of paramount importance.

Tolo TV [translated from Dari]: How did you find the situation in Afghanistan during your visit? Are you concerned? The second question is with regard to de-listing. If the Government of Afghanistan provides the Security Council with enough evidence and meets the criteria that you mentioned earlier, will the de-listing take place? The third question is referred to the SRSG de Mistura about the final list of the candidates for the parliamentary elections. You expressed somehow your disappointment. Would you like to a little bit elaborate on that?

Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan: Thank you. As I have already indicated in my remarks the visit took place in a friendly atmosphere. We also discussed how the continued international community support and commitment to the Afghan people, in cooperation with the Afghan Government and institutions will move forward. In that respect I believe that an Afghan-led process is going on, and it seems that after the Peace Jirga there is going to be the Kabul Conference. And there will be transition to an Afghan-led process. And there is a commitment from the part of the international community to support this process.

Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Hanting: To your question, there is no automaticity in this process. In every case in which a de-listing is demanded, by the Afghan Government or by another Member State of the United Nations, the Security Council committee has to evaluate the information before it. It is evident that in this process the information that the country of residence and nationality can provide in these cases, Afghanistan, is of very great importance. So the information we can get from the Afghan authorities is of great importance in this context. And at the end, of course, this information will be evaluated by each and every of the 15 members of the Security Council. So each of the 15 members has to be convinced by this information, because as I already explained the de-listing can only take place if there is consensus amongst the 15 members.

Staffan de Mistura: Regarding the vetting issue I think you saw the press release. And I do not have much to add to that. It showed the disappointment, showed concern but showed also that we are acknowledging the fact that President Karzai himself is concerned about it and is seriously trying to understand how the vetting by the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defence and the NSD took place. These elections are important. Transparency is important. And therefore vetting is an important step. I will stop there.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE): As the United Nations Security Council is visiting Afghanistan, this delegation happens every two years. If you compare today’s Afghanistan with two years before, what do you see? Do you see any development in terms of security and don’t you think that the parliamentary elections will be postponed due to the insecurity in Afghanistan? And a question to the Austrian Ambassador, could you tell us specifically about the leaders of the dissidents, especially about Hekmatyar and Mullah Omar, is there any possibility for the removal of their names as well?

Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan: With regard to the first question, I have to say that I was not present in 2008 with the Security Council trip. But what I recognize is that Afghanistan is going through a delicate period, but there is a fact that there is progress, and that progress is going on is my impression. For example yesterday we went to the military training centre and there is also a police training centre. These are the two good examples which Afghans efforts can build on.

Follow up from RFE: Is the security deteriorating or there is any development?

Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan: I think it is improving. The situation in Afghanistan is improving. I am not speaking in one sector, I am speaking about Afghanistan.

Staffan de Mistura: I understand why you raised the point, because you are referring to the 94 per cent increase in incidents in the Security Council report of the Secretary-General. It referred to a statistical increase during this period. I would like to qualify it, because I know how the ambassador was referring to progress, because we need to qualify it. There is no contradiction between the two things, because the 94 per cent is a reality but it is connected to an increase of the military activities and insurgency activities. At a time when this is increasing, normally you see more incidents. There is another period, once this has increased, when the situation stabilizes. So when you look at it statistically it looks very big. Wait three months and we will talk about it again.

Whereas the improvement which is seen in the preparedness by the Afghan military, by the Afghan police, as the Ambassador was referring to, was very impressive- the increase of preparedness by Afghan police and Afghan army in order to defend their own country.

Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Hanting: I will not comment on specific cases. I will only once again explain the system under which we operate. In the ongoing review, every single entry on the list is reviewed; all names on the list are reviewed. For the Committee to consider the possibility of a de-listing, such a de-listing must have been requested either by the Afghan Government or by another member of the United Nations. In the case of such a de-listing being considered, the Committee bases itself on the criteria that I have already mentioned, and then every single one of the members of the Committee has to come to a decision, a national decision, on this issue and the decision can only be taken if there is consensus among all 15 members.

Wall Street Journal: I was just wondering – is the UN pulling back or cancelling help with the elections scheduled for September? I’m wondering considering the massive fiasco of last year’s Presidential elections, why are you positive? Are there concerns or are you confident that there is going to be transparency in these elections and that they will run smoothly? Any thoughts?

Staffan de Mistura: Thank you. I will qualify that too because you are right to raise it. It was a question in the Security Council report – there was a mention of a UN sort of withdrawal. There is no UN withdrawal. What we have done is actually keep more or less the same number – we are close to 1,000 at present – that means international [staff]; 6,000 national [staff] who are as important for us and as effective as internationals. The only thing is that what we have done, and this would have been done by anyone, is that when we have a peak of attention on elections we will bring more people dealing with elections – and those who are working on the computer, on the travel or on the payroll can do it from Kuwait, like any other organization. This is nothing to do with re-deployment or reduction. I just want to qualify this because I will do it also in New York when I will present the report.

Regarding the future elections – the last elections were not good. We know and everybody accepts that. The next elections need to be better. They are going to be led by the Afghans. The United Nations and the international community are going to work with them. And as you can see when there are issues that concern us we raise them – not at the last moment but in advance. We have two international commissioners, highly accepted, highly respected, who are part of the team. These elections are not going to be perfect but we are all working to make them much better than the previous ones. We cannot guarantee it – we will have to see on the security issues, which are a concern. But so far, so good. Thank you.

Agence France Presse: There are some reports that President Karzai presented to you a small group of Taliban on the blacklist that he wants to see de-listed. Do you confirm that, is that true?

Staffan de Mistura: The answer is – shall we say that at this moment there is no comment on that one. The Ambassador is waiting, like everyone else, for names and the qualifications about them. That is the status at the moment – waiting for it.

Ariana TV [translated from Dari]: Another question related to the list. The international community and 1267 Committee know that the people who are on the list are there on the basis of evidence that they are criminals. If these people are de-listed don’t you think that the people of Afghanistan will lose their confidence in the United Nations Security Council?

Ambassador Thomas Mayr-Hanting: Let me explain the purpose of the list. It is not of a punitive nature. The purpose of the list is of a preventive nature. And the point of that kind of list is, and its nature, is that it has to be kept up to date. And it has to reflect the actual threat. That means that in cases where the need for this preventive action is no longer there, entities or people can be taken off the list. On the other hand where there is a new threat, new entries should be made to the list. It should always be seen in this balance. Names which are no longer necessary can be taken off and entries which are necessary but are not yet on the list should be put on.

Channel One [translated from Dari]: The question is to Ambassador Tanin, the Permanent Representative of the United Nations in New York. Has the Government of Afghanistan presented any list or identified any people to this delegation?

Ambassador Zahir Tanin: As far as the issue of people being de-listed is concerned, we of course have the names of the people on the list. To be de-listed they have to renounce violence, quit their links to al-Qaeda and respect the Constitution of Afghanistan. This issue has been something that has been pursued by the Government of Afghanistan on several occasions, including at the Consultative Peace Jirga. At the recent meeting with the UN Security Council, President Karzai raised this issue with the members and also asked their assistance with regard to those individuals who are driving the peace process and have denounced violence.

President Karzai expressed his willingness and support regarding this issue and any decision that might lead to de-list those people who can join the peace process. He will be behind that and he will support that process. Also on the issue of de-listing or the black list, it is not a political decision. It has to do with the criteria as the Austrian Ambassador laid out, it has to do with the information provided by the Government and during this visit there was no list submitted by President Karzai to this delegation, but the issue was raised. The Afghan authorities are going to work with the Committee and are ready to give the list when it is necessary.

Ambassador ErtuÄŸrul Apakan: Thank you for your attendance, for your attention and for your questions. We wish you all the best and a better Afghanistan in the future.

Strategic Communication and Spokespersons Unit

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)

Kabul, Afghanistan

Tel: 079 000 6121; +39 083 124 6121

Permanent Mission of Afghanistan